Provinces and Territories in Canada

Provinces & Territories

Canada is made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The major difference between a province and a territory in Canada lies in how it came into existence. While a province is created and receives its power from a constitutional act, a territory on the other hand is created through the determination of federal law and has its powers delegated by the parliament of Canada.

The ten provinces in Canada are:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec
  • Saskatchewan

The three territories in Canada are:

  • Northwest Territories
  • Nunavut
  • Yukon

PROVINCES AND TERRITORIES

(CLICK ON EACH PROVINCE FOR MORE DETAILS)

 ALBERTA

Capital: Edmonton

Joined Canada: 1905

Size: 4th largest province

Motto: Strong and free | Fortis et liber       

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Capital: Victoria

Joined Canada: 1871

Size: 3rd largest province

Motto: Splendour without diminishmentSplendor sine occasu

MANITOBA

Capital: Winnipeg

Joined Canada: 1870

Size: 6th largest province

Motto: Glorious and free | Gloriosus et liber

New  Brunswick

Capital: Fredericton

Joined Canada: 1867

Size: 8th largest province

Motto: Hope restored | Spem reduxit                    

 Newfoundland and Labrador

 

Capital: St. John’s

Joined Canada: 1949

Size: 7th largest province

Motto: Seek ye first the kingdom of God | Quaerite prime regnum dei

Nova Scotia

 

Capital: Halifax

Joined Canada: 1867

Size: 9th largest province

Motto:   One defends and the other conquers | Munit haec et altera vincit

Ontario Coat of Arims

Ontario

 

Capital: Toronto

Joined Canada: 1867

Size: 2nd largest province

Motto: Loyal she began and loyal she remains | Ut incepit fidelis sic permanent

Prince Edward Island (PEI)

 

Capital: Charlottetown

Joined Canada: 1873

Size: Smallest province

Motto: The small under the protection of the great | Parva sub ingenti

Quebec

Capital: City of Québec

Joined Canada: 1867

Size: Largest province

Motto: I remember | Je me souviens

Saskatchewan 

Capital: Regina

Joined Canada: 1905

Size: 5th largest province

Motto: From many peoples strength |Multis e gentibus vires 

Northwest Territories

Capital: Yellowknife

Joined Canada: 1870

Size: 2nd largest territory

Nunavut

Capital: Iqaluit

Joined Canada: 1999

Size: Largest territory

Motto: Nunavut, our strength | Nunavut sanginivut

 

 

Yukon

Capital:    Whitehorse

Joined Canada: 1898

Size: Smallest territory